List of Articles

  • VAEΘĀ

    a short Avestan text with Pahlavi translation; each Avestan sentence is followed by its Pahlavi translation and sometimes with additional explanatory glosses.

    (Mahnaz Moazami)

  • VAḤŠI BĀFQI

    (ca. 1532-1583), Kamāl-al-Din (or Šams-al-Din Moḥammad), Persian poet of the Safavid period, who was born in Bāfq and died in Yazd.

    (Paul Losensky)

  • VANDEN BERGHE, LOUIS

    (1923-1993), Belgian archeologist who devoted almost all his research to Iran’s history.

    (Ernie Haerinck)

  • VARQĀ, ʿALI-MOḤAMMAD

    (1855-96), poet and an early follower of Bahaism.

    (Iraj Ayman)

  • VARQĀ, WALI-ALLĀH

    (1884-1955), one of the leading figures among 20th-century Iranian Bahāʾis.

    (Iraj Ayman)

  • VATATZES, Vasilios

    Greek scholar, merchant, traveler, pioneer explorer, and diplomat.

    (Evangelos Venetis)

  • VĀYU

    “ Wind, Atmosphere, Space,” name of a deity and the natural phenomenon.

    (William W. Malandra)

  • VAZIRI, ʿAli-Naqi

    (b. Tehran, 1887; d., Tehran, 9 September 1979), composer, virtuoso tār player, musical theorist, and educator.

    (Hormoz Farhat)

  • VAZIRITABĀR, Ḥosayn-ʿAli

    (1906-1958) musician and prominent performer of the qaranei (clarinet).

    (Morteżā Ḥoseyni Dehkordi)

  • VENDĪDĀD

    the common name given to the Avestan text widaēwa-dāta-, Pahl. jud-dēw-dād “The Law repudiating the Demons.”

    (Multiple Authors)

  • VENDĪDĀD i. Survey of the history and contents of the text

    Of the three major divisions of the 21 Nasks of the Sasanian Avesta, the Vendīdād was the last of those called dādīg “dealing with law,” and 19th overall.

    (William W. Malandra)

  • VENDĪDĀD ii. Transmission of the Vīdēvdād in India

    The number of Pahlavi Vīdēvdād (PV) manuscripts that have been copied is quite high, but their distribution in time is irregular. Among these manuscripts, we have noticed that only a few are dated for certain before the 18th century.

    (Alberto Cantera)

  • VETCH

    See ʿADAS.

    (Cross-Reference)

  • VETERINARY MEDICINE

    See DĀM-PEZEŠKĪ.

    (Cross-Reference)

  • VIOLET

    See BANAFŠA.

    (Cross-Reference)

  • VIOLLET, Henry

    (b. Paris, 1880; d. Paris, 1955), French archeologist and architect.

    (Nader Nasiri-Moghaddam)

  • VIS O RĀMIN

    an 11th-century verse romance by Faḵr al-Din Asʿad Gorgāni (s.v. Gorgāni).

    (Dick Davis)

  • VISPERAD

    name of a lengthy Avestan text divided into 24 chapters; the name derives from Av. vīspe ratawō meaning “all the ratus.”

    (William W. Malandra)

  • VISRAMIANI

    title of the Georgian translation of the Vis o Rāmin, a versified romance by Persian poet Faḵr-al-Din Asʿad Gorgāni.

    (Jemshid Giunashvili)

  • VULLERS, JOHANN AUGUST

    (1803-1881), German Iranologist and orientalist, whose Persian-Latin dictionary was to win him renown for generations of scholars.

    (Ludwig Paul)

  • Vāsunak

    (music sample)

  • V~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    list of all the figure and plate images in the V entries

    (DATA)