ḴEṢĀLI

ḴEṢĀLI (Tk. Hisâlî; d. Pest, 1062/​1651-52), ḤOSAYN PEŠTELI, Ottoman poet and writer born in Pest at an unknown date. His divān is the only source of information about his life. He studied Ottoman Turkish, Arabic, and Persian during his childhood. According to the information in his divān, he served as an official of the revenue office (defterdar) in the town of Zevil in Hungary. All we know about his life is that he traveled to Baghdad to visit his relatives, participated in the Ottoman-Austrian wars, and died in poverty in 1062/​1651-52 (Ercan, 2003, pp. xx-xxiii).

Ḵeṣāli compiled two anthologies of parallel poems (naẓira), one of Persian (Laṭāʾef al-ḵiāl) and the other (Maṭāleʿ al-naẓāʾer) of Turkish poetry, both classified thematically. Laṭāʾef al-ḵiāl is preserved in two manuscripts at the Süleymaniye Library in Istanbul (Lala İsmail, no. 575; Esad Efendi, no. 2383). Maṭāleʿ al-naẓāʾer, compiled in two volumes, contains samples of Turkish parallel poems by poets living in the Ottoman Empire. It also includes some poems by well-known Persian poets such as Ḥāfeẓ, Saʿdi, Jāmi, and ʿOrfi Širāzi. Maṭāleʿ al-naẓāʾer is extant in several manuscripts (Nuruosmaniye Library, nos. 4252, 4253, possibly the autograph ms.; Süleymaniye Library, Lala İsmail, no. 576, Esad Efendi, no. 2883; Millet Library, Ali Emiri, Manzum Eserler, nos. 566, 679, 680, 681, 682). The first volume was edited and submitted as a doctoral thesis by Bilge Kaya in 2003.

Ḵeṣāli also wrote in Ottoman Turkish. Recurring keynotes of his poetry are love, mysticism, and descriptions of nature, but it also contains a range of folk idioms and proverbs. There are two manuscript copies of his divān (Istanbul, Millet Library, Ali Emiri, Manzum Eserler, no. 130; Edirne, İl Halk Kütüphanesi, no. 2119). This work was edited by Özlem Ercan (as Peşteli Hisâlî Dîvânı, Istanbul and Bursa, 2008).

Bibliography:

Ḥasan Anuša, ed., Dāneš-nāma-ye adab‑e fārsi: Adab‑e fārsi dar Ānātuli va Bālkān VI, Tehran, 2004.

Özlem Ercan, “Peşteli Hisâlî Dîvânının Tahlili (İnceleme-Metin),” Ph.D. diss., Uludaǧ Üniversitesi, Bursa, 2003.

Idem, “Peşteli Hisâlî Dîvânında Biçime Dayalı Tekrarlarla Ahenk Sağlama,” Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi VIII/8, 2005, pp. 95-122.

Bilge Kaya, “Hisâlî: Hayatı-Eserleri ve Metâliü’n-Nezâir İsimli Eserinin Birinci Cildi, (İnceleme-Metin),” Ph.D. diss., Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara, 2003.

Idem, “Nazîre Mecmûaları ve Hisâlî’nın Metâliü’n-Nezâiri,” Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi VIII/8, 2005, pp. 47-56.

Amir Sārem, “Ḵeṣāli,” in Anuša, ed., p. 358.

Idem, “Laṭāʾef al-ḵiāl,” in Anuša, ed., p. 724.

Bursalı Mehmed Tâhir, Osmanlı Müellifleri, ed. A. Fikri Yavuz and İsmail Özen, 3 vols., Istanbul, 1971-75, II, pp. 172-73.

Mehmet Nâil Tuman, Tuhfe-i nâilî, ed. M. Tatçı and C. Kurnaz, 2 vols., Ankara, 2001, I, p. 250.

Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Ansiklopedisi, 8 vols., Istanbul, 1977-98, IV, pp. 217-18.

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Taḥsin Yāziji [Tahsin Yazıcı], Pārsinevisān‑e Āsiā-ye Ṣaḡir, Tehran, 1992, p. 33.

(Osman G. Özgüdenli)

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