the chief city of ancient Elam and one of the capital cities of the Achaemenid empire.

i. Excavations.

ii. History during the Elamite period.

iii. The Achaemenid period.

iv. The Hellenistic and Parthian period.

v. The Sasanian period.

(Multiple Authors)

Cite this article:

EIr,"SUSA," Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition, 2015, available at (accessed on 25 February 2015).