ḠĪĀṮVAND

ḠĪĀṮVAND, a Kurdish tribe of the Qazvīn region. According to Parvīz Varjāvand (pp. 456-57), the Ḡīāṯvand were moved from western Persia to their present location during the reign of Āqā Moḥammad Shah Qājār (1193-1212/1779-97). They comprise the following clans (tīra): Komāsī, Darvīšvand, Salḵūrī, and Moḥammad Beygī. A Kurdish tribe by the name of Komāsī still resides in Kurdistan. It occupies an area east of Marīvān, near the Iraqi border (Komīsīyūn-e mellī, I, p. 132; Afšār, I, p. 251). Most of the Ḡīāṯvand are now sedentary and live along the Qezel Ūzen and Šāhrūd rivers. Those who have remained nomadic spend the summers on the mountain flanks above the Yūzbāšī Čāy (Varjāvand, Sarzamīn, pp. 456-57; Afšār, I, p. 208). The Ḡīāṯvand reportedly numbered between 600 and 1200 families in the 1920s (Fortescue, p. 325), 1200 families in the 1930s (Kayhān, Joḡrāfīā, II, p. 112) and between 850 and 900 families in the 1970s (Varjāvand, p. 457).

Bibliography:

Ī. Afšār Sīstānī, Ilhā, čādornešīnān, wa ṭawāyef-e ʿašāyerī-e Īrān, 2 vols., Tehran, 1987.

L. S. Fortescue, Military Report on Tehran and Adjacent Provinces of North-Western Persia, Calcutta, 1922.

Komīsīyūn-e mellī-e Yūnesko (UNESCO) dar Īrān, Īrānšahr, 2 vols., Tehran, 1963-64.

P. Varjāvand, Sarzamīn-e Qazvīn, Tehran, 1970.

(Pierre Oberling)

Cite this article:

Pierre Oberling, “ḠĪĀṮVAND,” Encyclopædia Iranica, X/6, p. 600, available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/giavand (accessed on 30 December 2012).