GINDAROS

GINDAROS, present-day Jendīres, a town in the ancient region of Cyrrhestike in Syria (Strabo, Geography 16.2.8; Pliny, Natural History 5.19.81; Theodoret in the 5th century calls it a village; cf. Honigmann, 1923, p. 191). Here Pacorus, the Parthian crown prince, was defeated and killed by the Roman commander Ventidius Bassus in the year 38 (Debevoise, pp. 118-19; Karras-Klapproth, pp. 121 f.; cf. Schippmann, p. 43). During the second campaign of Šāpūr I (240-70) against the Romans, the city was captured in 253 (252 according to Potter et al.) by the Sasanians (Šāpūr’s inscription at Kaʿba-ye Zardošt, Mid. Pers., l. 8: gndlswy; Parth., l. 6: gndrws; Gk., l. 14; cf. Huyse, I, pp. 30-31). This occurred during the advance of a group from the Euphrates region toward Antioch, the Syrian capital. It is uncertain whether the advance was made from Hierapolis or (more probably) from Zeugma.

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H. R. Baldus, Uranius Antoninus: Münzprägung und Geschichte, Antiquitas 3/11, Bonn, 1971, p. 234.

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E. Honigmann, “Historische Topographie von Nordsyrien im Altertum,” Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 46, 1923, p. 191, no. 197.

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(Erich Kettenhofen)

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