IRAN ii. IRANIAN HISTORY (4) Index of Proper Names

INDEX OF PROPER NAMES THAT OCCUR IN THE CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE

Abaev, Vasiliĭ Ivanovich 2001

Abaqa, the Ilkhan 1265

ʿAbbās I (the Great) 1588-1629

ʿAbbās II 1642-49

ʿAbbās III 1732

ʿAbbās Mirzā 1810-33

ʿAbd-al-Bahāʾ 1892

Abu Bakr 622-34

Abu Moslem 747-55

Abu Naṣr Manṣur 1036

Abu Said 1316

Achaemenes c. 705 B

Ackerman, Felix 1969

ʿĀdelšāh 1747-48

ʿĀʾeša 622

Afḡāni, Jamāl-al-Din 1896-97

Afšār, Maḥmud 1925

Āḡāsi, Hājj Mirzā 1835

Aḥmad, the Buyid 935-45

Aḥmad Mirzā, Crown Prince 1909-14

Aḥmad Shah 1914-25

Aḥmadinežād, Maḥmud 2005

ʿAyn-al-Dawla 1906-17

Aḵavān-Sāles, Mehdi 1990

Akbar, Mughal Emperor 1556-60

Āḵundzāda, Fatḥ-ʿAli 1878

ʿAlāʾ, Ḥosayn 1946-69

ʿAlāʾ-al-Din Moḥammad 1199

ʿAlāʾ-al-Salṭana 1917

ʿAlam, Asad-Allāh 1953-63

Albuquerque, Alfonso de 1507

Āl-e Aḥmad, Jalāl 1969

Alexander the Great 336-323 B

ʿAli b. Abi Ṭāleb, Imam 632-61

ʿAli Morād 1779-85

ʿAlizādeh, Ḡazāleh 1996

Alp Arslān 1063

Amān-Allāh Khan 1929

Amin, the caliph 809-13

Amin-al-Dawla, ʿAli 1897

Amin-al-Solṭān, ʿAli-Aṣḡar 1898

Amin-al-Żarb 1926

Amini, ʿAli 1961-92

Amir Kabir 1848-52

Amr b. Layṯ 879

Amuzegar, Jamshid 1977

Andreas, Friedrich Carl 1930

Antiochus I 281 B

Antiochus II 261 B

Antiochus III 223-187 B

Antiochus IV 175-164 B

Āqā Moḥammad Khan 1785-97

Āqā Najafi 1891

Arāni, Dr. Taqi 1937-40

Arberry, Arthur J. 1969

Ardašir I 224-38

ʿĀref Qazvini 1933

Arnold, Sir Thomas 1930

Arses 338-336 B

Arsaces, Armenian king 34-35

Arsaces I 247 B

Arsaces II 217 B

Arsanjani, Ḥasan 1961

Artabanus 465 B

Artabanus II 34-38

Artabanus IV 216-24

Artaxerxes I 465-424 B

Artaxerxes II 404 B

Artaxerxes III 359-338 B

Artaxias III 18

Asadi, Moḥammad Wali 1935

Ashurbanipal, Assyrian king 639-625 B

Asmussen, Jes Peter 2002

Ašraf the Afghan 1725-30

ʿAṣṣār, Moḥammad Kāẓem 1975

Atābak-e Aʿẓam 1907

Ataturk, Mostafa Kemal 1923-38

ʿAṭṭār, Farid-al-Din 1221

Avicenna (Ebn Sinā) 1037

Avidius Cassius 163

ʿAwfi 1230

Awrangzēb 1658

Āzarmidoḵt 628

Azhāri, Ḡolām-Reżā 1978

ʿAżod-al-Dawla Fanā Ḵosrow 949

ʿAżod-al-Molk, ʿAli-Reżā Khan 1909-10

Bāb 1844-50

Bābor, Ẓahir-al-Din 1526-30

Bahāʾ-Allāh, Mirzā Ḥosayn-ʿAli 1892

Bahār, Malek-al-Šoʿarāʾ 1946-51

Bāhonar, Moḥammad Javād 1981

Bahrām I 273

Bahrām II 276

Bahrām V (Gōr) 420-25

Bahrām Čōbin 588-91

Bailey, Sir Harold Walter 1996

Baḵtiār, Šāpur 1977-91

Baḵtiār, Teymur 1970

Balāš 484

Baniṣadr, Abu’l-Ḥasan 1980-81

Baqaʾi, Moẓffar 1987

Bāqer Khan 1908

Barbier de Meynard, Charles 1908

Barr, Kaj 1970

Barthold, Vasiliĭ Vladimirovich 1930

Bartholomae, Christian 1925

Bātmāngelič, Nāder 1955

Bausani, Alessandro 1988

Bayāt, Mortażāqoli 1944

Bayhaqi, Abu’l-Fażl 1077

Bāzargān, Mehdi 1978-95

Behbahāni, Sayyed ʿAbd-Allah 1905-9

Behešti, Sayyed Moḥammad 1981

Behrangi, Ṣamad 1967

Bell, Gertrude 1926

Benjamin, Samuel Greene Wheeler 1914

Benveniste, Emil 1976

Berezin, Ilya 1896

Binyon, Robert 1943

Biruni, Abu Rayḥān 1050

Blochet, Edgard 1937

Blochmann, Heinrich 1878

Boḵārāʾi, Moḥammad 1965

Bōrāndoḵt 628

Boyle, John 1978

Bozorg Alavi 1997

Brown, Edward G. 1909-26

Brydges, Sir Harford Jones 1847

Calmeyer, Peter 1995

Cambyses 529-521 B

Cameron, George 1979

Caracalla, Roman Emperor 217

Carter, Jimmy 1976-79

Carus, Roman Emperor 283

Casartelli, Louis 1925

Chardin, John 1713

Chodźko, Alexander 1891

Christensen, Arthur 1945

Churchill, Winston 1943

Clavijo, Ruy González de 1412

Corbin, Henry 1978

Coste, Pascal-Xavier 1879

Coubertin, Baron Pierre de 1896

Crassus 53 B

Croesus, Lydian king 561-546 B

Čubak, Ṣādeq 1998

Cumont, Franz 1947

Curzon, Lord George 1925

Cyaxares, Median king 624-584 B

Cyrus the Great 558-529 B

Dāḡestāni, Fatḥ-ʿAli 1720

Ḏakāʾ-al-Molk, Moḥ.-ʿAli Foruḡi 1897

Ḏakāʾ-al-Molk, Moh.-Ḥosayn 1907

Daqiqi Ṭusi 980

Dārāšokuh 1659

D’Arcy, William Knox 1901-17

Darius 521-486 B

Darius II 423 B

Darius III 336-330 B

Darmesteter, James 1894

Darwiš Khan, Ḡolām-Ḥosayn 1926

Dašti, ʿAli 1922-82

Dāvar, ʿAli-Akbar 1927-37

Dāwud Khan, Moḥammad 1973

Dehḵodā, ʿAli-Akbar 1927-56

Demetrius I 162 B

Demetrius II 140 B

Deraḵšeš, Moḥammad 1992-2005

Diakonoff, Igor 1999

Diakonoff, Michail 1954

Dimand, Maurice Sven 1986

Dieulafoy, Jane Henriette Magre 1916

Dieulafoy, Marcel-Auguste 1920

Diez, Ernst 1961

Doerfer, Gerhard 2003

Don Juan da Persia 1604

Dorn, Johannes 1881

Dresden, Mark Jan 1986

Dumezil, Georges 1986

Ebadi, Shirin 2003

Ebn Baṭṭuṭa 1368

Ebtehāj, Abu’l-Ḥasan 1942-54

Edmonds, Cecil 1979

Eḥsān-Allāh Khan 1920

Eilers, Wilhelm 1989

Elwell-Sutton, Laurence Paul 1984

ʿEmād-al-Dawla ʿAli 949

Emāmi, Karim 2005

Emāmi, Sayyed Ḥosayn 1946-49

Emmerick, Ronald E. 2001

Enjavi-Širāzi, Sayyed Abu’l-Qāsem 1993

Enteẓāmi, ʿAbd-Allāh 1969

Eqbāl, Manučehr 1957

ʿErāqi, Faḵr-al-Din 1289

Eṣfahāni, Sayyed Abu’l-Ḥasan 1946

Eskandari, Iraj 1946

Eskandari, Solaymān Mirzā 1941

Esmāʿil I 1502-24

Esmāʿil II 1576

Esmāʿil b. Aḥmad 903

Ešqi, Moḥammad-Reżā Mirzādeh 1924

Esfandiari, Sorayya 1951-59

Eʿteṣāmi, Parvin 1941

Ethé, Carl Hermann 1917

Ettinghausen, Richard 1979

Faisal, King 1958

Fallāḥiān, ʿAli 1992

Falsafi, Naṣr-Allāh 1981

Fārābi, Abu Naṣr 950

Farāhāni, Adib-al-Mamālek 1917

Farhād Khan 1598

Farmānfarmā, ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn Mirzā 1915

Farroḵi 1038

Farroḵi-Yazdi, Moḥammad 1939

Farroḵzād, Foruḡ 1967

Fārsi, Kamāl-al-Din 1320

Faruq, King 1939

Fatḥ-Allāh Khan Akbar 1920

Fatḥ-ʿAli Shah 1797-1834

Fawzia, Queen 1939-48

Ferdowsi 999-1019

Ferrier, Joseph 1886

Feuvrier, Jean-Baptiste 1926

Figueroa, García de Silva 1624

Fitzgerald, Edward 1883

Flandin, Eugène 1889

Flavius Arrianus 133

Flügel, Gustav 1870

Foruḡi, Moḥammad-ʿAli 1897-1942

Foruzānfar, Badiʾ-al-Zamān 1970

Fraser, James 1754

Fraser, James Baillie 1856

Freĭman, Aleksandr Arnoldovich 1968

Gabain, Annemarie von 1993

Gafurov, Babajan 1977

Galerius, Roman Emperor 297

Ḡani, Qāsem 1952

Ḡazāli, Moḥammad 1111

Ḡāzān, the Ilkhanid king 1295

Geiger, Bernhard 1964

Geiger, Wilhelm 1943

Geldner, Karl 1929

Gelpke, Rudolph 1972

Genghis Khan 1220-27

Germanicus 18

Gershevitch, Ilya 2001

Ghirshman, Roman 1979

Gobineau, Joseph de 1882

Goeje, Michail Jan de 1909

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang 1832

Goldsmid, Sir Frederick 1909

Goldziher, Ignac 1921

Golgolāb, Ḥosayn 1965

Golširi, Hušang 2000

Golsorḵi, Ḵosrow 1974

Gondophares 47

Gorgāni, Faḵr-al-Din Asʿad 1048

Gray, Basil 1989

Gray, Louis Herbert 1955

Grousset, René 1952

Gutenberg, Johannes 1450

Gutschmid, Hermann von 1887

Hādi Beg 1586

Ḥāʾeri, Shaikh ʿAbd-al-Karim 1921-37

Ḥāfeẓ 1390

Ḥāfeẓ-e Abru 1430

Ḥajjāj b. Yusof 693

Ḥājj Sayyāḥ 1925

Ḥakim, Moḥsen 1970

Ḥakimi, Ebrāhim 1945

Hallock, Richard 1980

Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph 1856

Hanway, Jonas 1786

Harlez, Charles de 1899

Hārun al-Rašid 786

Ḥasan Bozorg, Shaikh 1336

Haug, Martin 1876

Hawkins, Lewis L. 1973

Hažir, ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn 1948-49

Hedāyat, Ṣādeq 1937-51

Hedin, Sven 1952

Hejāzi, Moḥammad 1974

Ḥekmat, ʿAli-Aṣḡar 1935-81

Henning, Walter Bruno 1967

Heraclius, Roman Emperor 627

Herbert, Sir Thomas 1682

Heron-Allen, Edward 1943

Hertel, Johannes 1955

Herzfeld, Ernst 1948

Hinz, Walter 1992

Hodgson, Marshall 1968

Homāyun, Mughal Emperor 1530-55

Hormozd I 271

Hormozd II 302

Hormozd III 457

Hormozd IV 579-90

Horn, Paul 1908

Ḥosayn, Imam 680

Hotum-Schindler, Sir Albert 1916

Houtsma, M. Th. 1943

Hoveydā, Amir ʿAbbās 1964-79

Huart, Clément 1926

Hübschmann, Heinrich 1908

Hülegu 1256-65

Hussein, Saddam 1970-84

Hyde, Thomas 1703

Imbrie, Robert 1924

Iraj Mirzā 1927

Ironside, Major-General Sir Edmund 1921

Ivanov, Anatoli 1984

Ivanow, Vladimir Alekseevich 1970

Jackson, Abraham Valentine Williams 1937

Jaʿfar, the Zand ruler 1785-89

Jaʿfari, ʿAbd-al-Raḥim 1949

Jahānārā, Lili 1965

Jahānšāh 1438

Jahn, Karl 1985

Jāmasp 496

Jam, Maḥmud 1935

Jāmi 1492

Jazani, Bijan 1975

Jenkinson, Anthony 1561

Jordan, Dr. Samuel 1873

Jovayni, ʿAtā Malek 1283

Julian, Roman Emperor 363

Junker, Heinrich Franz Josef 1970

Justi, Ferdinand 1907

Ḵabir-al-Molk, Mirzā Ḥasan 1896

Kaempfer, Engelbert 1716

Kamāl-al-Molk 1940

Ḵāmeneʾi, Sayyed-ʿAli 1981-89

Ḵāleqi, Ruḥ-Allāh 1965

Ḵāqāni 1195

Ḵᵛārazmi, Moḥammad 850

Karim Khan Zand 1750-79

Kāšāni, Sayyed Abu’l-Qāsem 1962

Kāšāni, Jamšid 1429

Kāšef-al-Salṭana 1904

Kāši, Nāyeb Ḥosayn 1919

Kasrāʾi, Siāvoš 1997

Kasravi, Aḥmad 1946

Kawād I 488-99

Kawād II 628

Ḵazʿal, Shaikh 1924-36

Kāzaruni, Moḥammad-Ḥosayn 1932

Kāẓemi, Ḥosayn 1996

Kāẓemi, Zahrā 2003

Kāẓemzādeh-Irānšahr, Ḥosayn 1962

Kennedy, John F. 1960

Ker Porter, Sir Robert 1842

Kerdir, Zoroastrian priest 274-76

Kermāni, Mirzā Reżā 1896

Kešāvarz, Fereydun 1946

Khanykov, Nikolai 1878

Khatami, Moḥammad 1997-2001

Khayami, Aḥmad 1962

Khayami, Maḥmud 1962

Khayyam, Omar 1132

Khomeini, Ruh-Allāh 1963-89

Ḵiābāni, Musā 1982

Ḵiābāni, Shaikh Moḥammad 1920

Kiārostami, ʿAbbās 1997

Klima, Otakar 1968

Ḵodābanda, Moḥammad 1576-78

Ḵoʾi, Abu’l-Qāsem 1992

Konow, Sten 1948

Ḵorsandi, Hādi 1979

Ḵosrow I (Anoširavān) 531-79

Ḵosrow II 590-628

Krusinski, Judas Thadeus 1756

Kučak Khan, Mirza 1915-21

Kuhn, Ernst 1920

Kühnel, Ernst 1964

Kuzichkin, Vladimir 1983

Lahuti, Abu’l-Qāsem 1922

Lājevardi, Assad-Allāh 1998

Lane-Poole, Stanley 1931

Layard, Sir Austen 1894

Le Strange, Guy 1878-1933

Lees, William Nassau 1889

Lenin, Vladimir 1917

Lentz, Otto Helmut 1986

Litten, Wilhelm 1932

Lorimer, David Lockhart Robertson 1962

Loṭf-ʿAli Khan 1789-94

Loti, Pierre 1923

Lukonin, Vladimir 1984

MacKenzie, David Neil 2001

Mahdavi, Yaḥyā 2000

Mahdavi-Kani, Moḥammad-Reżā 1981

Mahd-e ʿOlyā 1576

Maḥjoub, Moḥammad-Jaʿfar 1996

Maḥmud, Aḥmad 2002

Maḥmud of Ghazna 999-1030

Majidi, Majid 1998

Majlesi, Moḥammad Bāqer 1698

Majlesi, Moḥammad Taqi 1659

Malcolm, Sir John 1800-33

Malek Faisal 1932

Malek-al-Motekallemin 1908

Maleki, Ḵalil 1948-69

Malekšāh 1073-92

Malkom Khan 1908

Maʾmun, the caliph 809-33

Mani 214-77

Mann, Oskar 1917

Mans, Raphael du 1696

Manṣur, the caliph 754-62

Manṣur, Ḥasan-ʿAli 1964-65

Manṣur-al-Molk, ʿAli 1940-51

Mančuehri 1041

Marco Polo 1271

Mardāvij b. Ziār 927-35

Margoliouth, David Samuel 1940

Marquart, Josef 1930

Martin, Fredrik 1933

Marwān II 750

Massé, Henri 1969

Massignon, Louis 1962

Masʿudi, ʿAbbās 1926

Masʿudi, ʿAli 956

Maurice, Roman Emperor 603

Mazdak 490

Meillet, Antoine 1936

Meier, Fritz 1998

Menasce, Jean de 1973

Mesbāḥzādeh, Mostafā 1942

Meskoob, Šāhroḵ 2005

Miles, Samuel Barrett 1914

Mills, Lawrence 1918

Millspaugh, Dr. Arthur C. 1922-44

Minorsky, Vladimir Fedorovich 1966

Minovi, Mojtabā 1977

Mir Ways 1711

Mirhādi, Tourān 1962

Mirḵᵛānd 1498

Mithridates I 171-138 B

Mithridates II 124 B

Mithridates IV 129

Mithridates VI of Pontus 120-72 B

Moʿāwiʾa, the caliph 657-80

Moʾayyed-al-Eslām, Jalāl-al-Din 1930

Moʿāżed-al-Salṭana 1909

Moarres, Sayyed Ḥasan 1937

Modi, Sir Jivanji Jamshedji 1933

Moʿezz-al-Solṭān 1909

Moḥammad, the Prophet c. 570-632

Moḥammad al-Mahdi 878

Moḥammad b. Waṣif 872

Moḥammad-ʿAli Mirzā 1896

Moḥammad-ʿAli Shah 1907-11

Moḥammad-Reżā, Crown Prince 1939

Mohl, Jules 1876

Moʿin, Moḥammad 1971

Mojtahedi, Moḥammad-ʿAli 1944

Moḵber-al-Salṭana, Mehdiqoli Hedāyat 1920

Montaẓeri, Ḥosayn-ʿAli 1989

Moqannaʿ 770

Morgan, Jacques de 1924

Morgenstierne, Georg 1978

Morier, James 1849

Moṣaddeq, Moḥammad 1944-67

Mošir-al-Dawla, Ḥasan Khan 1915-35

Mošir-al-Dawla, Naṣr-Allāh Khan 1906

Moširi, Fereydun 2000

Mostawfi, Ḥamd-Allāh 1344

Mostawfi-al-Mamālek, Ḥasan 1910-32

Moṭahhari, Mortażā 1979

Moulton, James 1917

Musawi, Mir-Ḥosayn 1981

Moẓaffar-al-Din Shah 1896-1907

Nāder Shah 1727-47

Nāderpur, Nāder 2000

Nafisi, Saʿid 1966

Nāʾini, Mirzā Moḥammad 1936

Najafqoli Khan Baḵtiāri 1909

Narseh 293-302

Nāṣer-al-Din Shah 1848-96

Nāṣer-al-Molk, Abu’l-Qāsem 1907-10

Naṣiri, Neʿmat-Allāh 1979

Naṣr b. Aḥmad 914

Nātel-Ḵānlari, Parviz 1946-90

Naus, Joseph 1898

Nawwāb-Ṣafavi, Mojtabā 1956

Nāẓem-al-Aṭṭebāʿ, ʿAli-Akbar 1924

Nemāzi, Moḥammad 1949

Neẓām-al-Molk 1092

Neẓām-al-Salṭana, Ḥosaynqoli 1907-15

Neẓāmi Ganjavi 1209

Nicholson, Reynold. A. 1945

Nimā Yušij 1959

Nixon, Richard 1972

Nöldeke, Theodor 1930

North, Oliver 1986

Noṣrat-al-Dawla, Firuz Mirzā 1919-38

Nuri, Fażl-Allāh 1909

Nyberg, Henrik Samuel 1974

ʿObayd Zākāni 1370

Odenathus 261

Olearius, Adam 1671

Omar, the caliph 634-44

ʿOnṣori 1050

Oppert, Jules 1905

Oranskiĭ, Iosif 1977

Orodes II 53 B

Osroes, the Arsacid king c. 105

Othman, the caliph 644-56

Ouseley, Sir William 1842

Oveisi, Ḡolām-ʿAli 1984

Owaysi, Ḡolām-Ḥosayn 1984

Pacorus II 80

Pagliaro, Antonino 1973

Pahlavi, Ašraf 1947

Pahlavi, Farah 1959-78

Pahlavi, Moḥammad-Reżā Shah 1939-80

Pākravān, Amineh 1958

Pari Khan Ḵānom 1576

Pērōz (Firuz) 459-84

Pesiān, Moḥammad Taqi Khan 1921

Peter the Great 1708-15

Philip, the Macedonian king 336 B

Phraates II 138-129 B

Phraates III 70 B

Phraates IV 38-2 B

Phraates V 1

Phraortes, the Median king c. 675 B

Phriapatius, the Arsacid king c. 191 B

Pišāvori, Adib 1930

Pišavari, Jaʿfar 1945-46

Pizzi, Italo 1920

Pliny the Elder 79

Polak, Jakob Eduard 1891

Pope, Arthur Upham 1969

Porada, Edith 1994

Preni, Adolf 1919

Procopius of Caesarea 554

Purdāvud, Ebrāhim 1968

Qābus Vošmgir 976

Qāʾemmaqām Farāhāni 1812-48

Qara Yusof 1389

Qaračedāḡi, Mirzā Jaʿfar 1878

Qarib, ʿAbd-al-ʿAẓim 1965

Qāsemlu, ʿAbd-al-Raḥmān 1989

Qawām-al-Salṭana, Aḥmad 1921-55

Qāzi Moḥammad 1945

Qazvini, Moḥammad 1949

Qazvini, Sayyed Ḥosayni 1907

Qoṭbzādeh, Ṣādeq 1982

Quatremere, Etienne 1857

Qurčibāši, Jāni Khan 1645

Rabino, Hyacinth 1950

Rafsanjani, ʿAli-Akbar Hāšemi 1989-2005

Rahmāni, Noṣrat 2000

Rajāʾi, Moḥammad-ʿAli 1980-81

Rašid-al-Din 1318

Rasulzādeh, Moḥammad Amin 1954

Rawlinson, George 1902

Rawlinson, Sir Henry 1895

Rāzi, Moḥammad 925

Razmārā, Ḥājj-ʿAli 1950-51

Reagan, Ronald 1981

Reichelt, Hans 1939

Reżā Khan (later Reżā Shah) 1921-25

Reżā Shah 1925-44

Rokn-al-Dawla, Ḥasan 977

Roosevelt, Franklin 1943

Rosen, Friedrich 1935

Ross, Sir Edward Denison 1940

Rostovtzeff, Michael 1952

Rückert, Friedrich 1866

Rudaki 940

Ruḥāni, Foʾād 1960

Ruḥi, Shaikh Aḥmad 1896

Rumi, Jalāl-al-Din 1273

Rushdie, Salman 1989

Rypka, Jan 1968

Ṣabā, Abu’l-Ḥasan 1957

Ṣabbāḥ, Ḥasan 1078

Sachau, Eduard 1930

Sackville-West, Victoria 1962

Saʿd-al-Dawla 1909

Saʿdi 1283

Ṣadiqi, Ḡolām-Ḥosayn 1991

Šādmān, Sayyed Faḵr-al-Din 1967

Ṣāʾeb Tabrizi 1677

Sāʿed, Moḥammad 1944-48

Sāʿedi, Ḡolām-Ḥosayn 1985

Ṣafā, Ḏabih-Allāh 1999

Šafaq, Ṣādeq Reżāzādeh 1971

Saffāḥ, the caliph 750

Ṣafi I 1629-30

Ṣafi II 1666-67

Ṣafi-ʿAlišāh 1899

Šāhroḵ, the Afsharid king 1748

Šāhroḵ, the Timurid king 1405

Saʿidi Sirjāni, ʿAli-Akbar 1994

Sālār-al-Dawla 1912

Salemann, Carl Hermann 1916

Šalmaneser III 835

Šāmlu, Aḥmad 2000

Ṣamṣām-al-Salṭana 1918

Sanāʿi 1131

Sanjar, Saljuqid king 1117-57

Šāpur I 241-61

Šāpur II 309-79

Šāpur III 383

Šāpur, Parviz 2000

Šarafkandi, Ṣādeq 1992

Sardār Asʿad Baḵtiāri 1909-34

Ṣārem-al-Dawla, Akbar Mirzā 1919

Šariʿati, ʿAli 1977

Šariʿatmadāri, Moḥammd-Kāẓem 1985

Šarif-Emāmi, Jaʿfar 1960-78

Sarkuhi, Faraj 1999

Sarre, Friedrich 1945

Sattār Khan 1908

Šaybāni Khan, Moḥammad 1510

Sayyāḥ, Fāṭemeh 1946

Schacht, Dr. Hjalmar 1936

Schefer, Charles 1898

Schimmel, Annemarie 2003

Schlimmer, Johann 1881

Seleucus I c. 320-281 B

Selim I 1514

Semitqu, Esmāʿil Āqā 1922

Sepahdār-e Aʿẓam 1909-16

Sepahdār-e Tonokāboni 1909

Sepehri, Sohrāb 1980

Septimus Severus 197

Sherley, Sir Anthony 1598-1635

Sherley, Sir Robert 1598

Shuster, Morgan 1911-60

Siāsi, ʿAli-Akbar 1943-90

Sibawayh 840

Silvestre de Sacy, Antoine 1838

Širāzi, Mirzā Ḥasan 1891

Soheili, ʿAli 1943

Solaymān the Magnificent 1534

Solṭān Ḥosayn 1694-1722

Spiegel, Friedrich 1905

Spüler, Bertold 1990

Stalin, Joseph 1943

Storey, Charles Ambrose 1968

Ṣur-e Esrāfil, Jahāngir Širāzi 1907

Sykes, Ella Constance 1939

Sykes, Sir Percy 1916-45

Ṭabari, Abu Jaʿfar 923

Ṭabari, Eḥsān 1946-89

Ṭabāṭabāʾi, Ḥosayn Borujerdi 1961

Ṭabāṭabāʾi, Sayyed Moḥammad 1905-62

Ṭabāṭabāʾi, Sayyed Żiāʾ-al-Din 1921-43

Ṯābet, Ḥabib 1958

Tabrizi, Mirzā Qāsem Khan 1907

Tafażżoli, Aḥmad 1997

Ṭāher b. Ḥosayn 813-20

Ṭahmāsb I 1524-76

Ṭahmāsb II 1722-32

Tajaddod, Moṣtafā 1950

Talbot, Major Gerald 1890-91

Tāleqāni, Maḥmud 1978

Taqi, Moḥammad Saru 1645

Taqizadeh, Sayyed Ḥasan 1906-70

Tarbiat, ʿAli Moḥammad Khan 1909

Tavernier, Jean-Baptiste 1689

Ṯeqaṯ-al-Eslām 1911

Texier, Charles 1871

Teymurtāš, ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn 1933

Timur 1393-1405

Tiridates 33-30 B

Tiridates, Armenian king 286-96

Toḡrel 1037-63

Tonokāboni, Mirzā Ṭāher 1941

Trajan 114-17

Ṭusi, Naṣir-al-Din 1274

Unvala, Jamshedji Maneckji 1961

Uzun Ḥasan 1453-69

Valerianus 259

Valle, Pietro della 1652

Vanden Berghe, Louis 1993

Vologeses I 51-77

Vologeses II 77

Vologeses III 105

Vologeses IV 147-91

Vologeses V 191-95

Vologeses VI 208

Vullers, Johann 1880

West, Edward 1905

Wilkinson, Charles Kyrle 1986

Xerxes I 486-465 B

Xerxes II 424-423 B

Vambery, Arminius 1913

Vasilli III 1521

Warne, William E. 1952

Waṭwāṭ, Rašid-al-Din 1177

Weissbach, Franz 1944

Widengren, Geo 1996

Wilber, Donald Newton 1997

Woṯuq-al-Dawla, Ḥasan 1918-19

Wright, Sir Denis 2005

Yaḥyā the Barmakid 786

Yaʿqub b. Layṯ 872-79

Yāršāṭer, Eḥsān 1953-74

Yazdegerd I 399

Yazdegerd II 438

Yazdegerd III 633-51

Yazdi, Mortazā 1946

Yazici, Tahsin 2002

Yazid I 680

Yephram Khan 1909-12

Yohannan, John David 1997

Zaehner, Robert Charles 1974

Zāhedi, Fażl-Allāh 1953

Zāhedi, Homā 1965

Ẓahir-al-Dawla 1924

Zarrinkoub, Abdol-Ḥosayn 1999

Zhukovskiĭ, Valentin 1916-18

Zoroaster c. 1000 B

Sources: The sources used for the Chronological Table have been varied and numerous. The entries in the Encyclopaedia Iranica, as far as they go, have been our surest source. Among other general works, the Encyclopaedia of Islam, the Encyclopedia of World History, the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the Realencyclopädie der classischen altertumswissenschaft and the Dāʾeret al-maʿāref-e bozorg-e eslāmi were consulted. The major source for the entire period is the seven-volume Cambridge History of Iran. Other main works consulted are:

Arnold T. Wilson, A Bibliography of Persia, Oxford, 1930.

L. P. Elwell-Sutton, A Bibliographical Guide to Iran, Brighton, 1983.

Josef Wiesehöfer, Ancient Persia, London, 1996.

Ferdinand Justi, Iranisches Namenbuch, Hildesheim, 1895.

Pierre Briant, From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire, English tr., Winona Lake, 2002.

Arthur Christensen, L’Iran sous les Sassanides, Copenhagen, 1944.

C. E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, New York, 1996.

A. J. Arberry, The Legacy of Persia, Oxford, 1953.

E. G. Browne, A Literary History of Persia, 4 vols., Cambridge, 1902-24.

Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature, English trans., Dordrecht, 1968.

Bertold Spüler, Iran in frühislamischer Zeit, Wiesbaden, 1952.

C. A. Storey, Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, London, 1927-90.

Ḏabihollāh Ṣafā, Tāriḵ-e adabiyāt dar Irān, 5 vols. and 8 parts, Tehran, 1953-90.

Ehsan Yarshater, ed. Persian Literature, New York, 1988.

L. P. Elwell-Sutton, Modern Iran, London, 1944.

Bāqer Āqeli, Ruz-šemār-e tāriḵ-e Irān az mašruṭa tā enqelāb-e eslāmi, 2 vols., 2nd edition, Tehran, 1995.

S. Alizādeh, A. Pahlavāni, and A. Sadrniā, eds., Iran: a chronological history, Tehran, 2002.

Needless to say, some of the works need to be consulted with caution. Many dates, particularly the further back one goes in time, are imprecise and sometimes contradictory in different sources. In such cases, a judgment has been made and, where necessary, a range of dates has been given.

(Ehsan Yarshater)

Cite this article: