FĪRŪZ MAŠREQĪ

FĪRŪZ (or Pīrūz) MAŠREQĪ (not Mošrefī as in Majmaʿ al-foṣaḥāʾ, p. 946), poet at the court of the Saffarids Yaʿqūb b. Layṯ (r. 253-65/867-78) and his brother ʿAmr b. Layṯ (r. 265-88/878-901). Next to nothing is known about his life. Hermann Ethé mentions (p. 218) him with the epithet ḥakīm (philosopher, sage) without indicating his source. Moḥammad ʿAwfī refers to him as a master poet who, like rain, cleansed the Persian language of impurities (besān-e ḡayṯ gaṯṯ o fasād az soḵan-e pārsī dūr kard; Lobāb II, p. 2).Fīrūz died in 283/896 (not in 282/895, pace Reżāzāda, p. 116). Only eleven couplets of his poetry have reached us.

Bibliography (for cited works not given in detail, see “Short References”):

Browne, Lit. Hist. Persia I, pp. 355, 453.

H. Ethé, “Neupersische Literatur,” in Grundriss II, pp. 212-368.

Lazard, Premier poèts, pp. 19-20.

Idem, “ The Rise of the New Persian Language,” in Camb. Hist. Iran IV, pp. 616-17, 638.

Loḡat-e fors, ed. Mojtabāʾī and Ṣādeqī, pp. 72, 77, 157.

M.-J. Maḥjūb, Sabk-e ḵorāsānī dar šeʿr-e fārsī, Tehran, 1345 Š./1966, pp. 5-6, 10, 12, 36.

Nafīsī, Naẓm o naṯr, p. 19.

M. Modabberī, Šarḥ-e aḥwāl-e šoʿarā-ye bī-dīvān, Tehran, 1370 Š./1991, pp. 7-8.

Šams-al-Dīn Moḥammad b. Qays Rāzī, al-Moʿjam fī maʿāyīr ašʿār al-ʿajam, ed. M. Qazvīnī, rev. M.-T. Modarres Rażawī, Tehran, 1338 Š./1959, p. 292.

Ṣ. Reżāzāda Šafaq, Tārīḵ-e adabīyāt-e Īrān, 1352 Š./1973.

Ṣafā, Adabīyāt I, p. 181.

Storey-de Blois V/1, p. 213.

ʿA.-Ḥ. Zarrīnkūb, Daftar-e ayyām, Tehran, 1367 Š./1988, p. 232.

(Aḥmad Edāračī Gīlānī)

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